Every program in an organization must be vetted and improved in order to stay viable and productive; safety programs are no different. This effort of program evaluation must be made in a given interval and by a competent group. If there are deficiencies found in a program, then the corrections must be made in a systematic way by high risk issues being fixed first then lower risk areas lastly. Risk can be calculated as Probability x Severity=Risk. The probability of a loss event occurring can be broken down into 5 categories:
Severity speaks of the consequence of a loss event when it does occur:
If your risk assessment tells you that a task is a P4 x S3=R12 then it should get your attention over a R3 item.
Program evaluation and improvement must include the following areas:
- Monitoring performance and progress
- Verifying the program is implemented and is operating
- Correct program shortcomings and identify opportunities to improve (OSHA, 2016)